Ovarian cancer would develop in one ovary and gradually spreads to the other ovary, the uterus, and the rest of the abdominal organs. A laparoscopic hysterectomy can be defined as the surgical removal of the uterus. The main idea of laparoscopic hysterectomy is to remove all the visible ovarian cancer. After diagnosing the condition, surgery will be performed to remove the affected area.
Before the surgery, the doctor will check for medical conditions to make sure that there are no issues that would cause a problem with the surgery. The patient’s history, physical examination, and blood samples would be taken a day prior to the surgery. Patients are expected not to consume anything after midnight or on the night before surgery.
This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat cysts, or liquid-filled growths, that have developed in the ovaries. A laparoscopic camera is inserted with the help of a tiny incision in the navel. Two or three more incisions will be performed under the lower abdomen. These will help to insert specialized instruments for the removal process.
During this procedure, the doctor will detach the uterus from the ovaries, fallopian tubes, upper vagina, blood vessels, and connective tissues that would be supporting it. Whereas, some women need not have to remove their ovaries nor take any medications after the surgery. General anesthesia is given for this procedure.
Women can either choose to keep the cervix in place (laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy) or could remove the entire uterus and cervix (total laparoscopic hysterectomy). If it is necessary, the doctor might remove additional pelvic organs and tissue, such as ovaries or fallopian tubes. Keeping the cervix in place would make the operation faster and safer. If the cervix is in place, women might have monthly spotting at the time of her menstrual cycle. It is always good to remove the entire uterus if the patient has a history of cancer.
A laparoscopic hysterectomy needs a few incisions hence there would be less blood loss, less scarring, and less postoperative pain. This is usually performed as an outpatient procedure and the recovery period will be 1-2 weeks. The risks are also minimal as compared to traditional methods or even cesarean patients.
At Guru Multispeciality Hospital Madurai, the doctor and his team help to identify the problems with ovarian cancer on time and treat accordingly.
Reviewed By : Dr S G Balamurugan
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